The battle of actium was the decisive confrontation of the final war of the roman republic, a naval engagement between octavian and the combined forces of mark antony and cleopatra on 2 september 31 bc, on the ionian sea near the promontory of actium, in. Cleopatra was a devoted ally of julius caesar and marc antony, but she didn't like octavian after the battle of actium, she feared that octavian would arrest her and take over egypt rather than see octavian running her kingdom, cleopatra chose to commit suicide. Anthony, cleopatra and the birth of the roman empire part iv read parts 1–1v first what kind of roman are you antony and cleopatra returned to alexandria, where the triumvir licked his wounds. Mark antony: mark antony, roman general under julius caesar and later triumvir (43–30 bce), who, with cleopatra, queen of egypt, was defeated by octavian (the future emperor augustus) in the last of the civil wars that destroyed the roman republic mark antony was.
Mythology, propaganda, liz taylor and the real queen of the nile (anthony and cleopatra by lawrence alma-tadema, 1885) cleopatra hoped to keep octavian, julius caesar's heir and antony's. For cleopatra it was another opportunity to achieve power both in egypt and in rome, for anthony the support of rome’s largest and wealthiest client states in his campaign against the might of the parthians (parthia was a region in modern north-eastern iran) was highly desirable. Anthony sent his wife home and a propaganda war about who was caesar's true heir (octavian or caesarion) erupted octavian declared war on cleopatra in 32 bc an engagement with cleopatra's fleet took place off actium in september of 31. Octavian and his supporters, however, presented it as a glorious triumph, spreading the story that antony, accompanied by cleopatra, had intended a full-scale naval battle but had turned tail and deserted his troops when he saw cleopatra's ship fleeing in fear.
Octavian blamed this on cleopatra and had the senate declare war against her this was an excuse for fighting against marc antony as octavian knew that he would fight to help cleopatra. Octavian's general was the shrewd marcus vipsanius agrippa, and antony was hampered by defections among his officers and the presence of cleopatra on her flagship, which his roman soldiers deeply resented agrippa easily outmaneuvered antony, and cleopatra was the first to flee, taking her sixty egyptian ships with her. Antony would have been unaware that octavian’s anti-cleopatra propaganda had been all too effective and that his references to the donations would merely add fuel to the flames from ‘from the gracchi to nero’ by hh scullard, chatper viii the second triumvirate, section 5 antony in the east, p167 (fifth edition, paperback). The young octavian would eventually prove to be the master of propaganda – and, as he was also physically in italy, unlike antony who was in egypt, he was able to exercise far more influence.
Cleopatra was born in 69 bc she was the last ptolemaic ruler her father was the ptolemy xii she was very, which added to her popularity of the egyptian and roman world. The famous story of cleopatra’s suicide gets points for drama and crowd appeal: her lover, mark antony, had been defeated in battle by octavian and, hearing that cleopatra had been killed, had. Octavian’s official version of events decreed that “a degenerate roman was striving to subvert the liberties of the roman people to subjugate italy and the west under the rule of an oriental.
Marcus antonius (mark antony) is best known as the roman general who was a lover of cleopatra the two committed suicide after their defeat by octavian mark antony, roman politician and general. Watch video mark antony and octavian mark antony and cleopatra the roman politician and general mark antony (83–30 bc) was an ally of julius caesar and the main rival of his successor octavian (later. Despite the title, the book is less about cleopatra and antony, and more simply about the romans, in particular caeser, antony, and octavian and that, in short, is my only problem with this book.
With octavian'svictory at actium, the roman conquest ofthe eastern mediterranean was complete, and the long reign of the roman emperors was inaugurated-for good (claudius, marcus aurelius) and for ill. One history channel show analyzed the death of cleopatra and concluded that it was likely that octavian had her murdered and then put out propaganda about her committing suicide you might want to see if you think that this idea deserves a note. The conflict between mark antony and octavian developed out of their battle for supremacy in their failed alliance, and the victory of either would undoubtedly have a profound effect on the rome and its provinces, solidifying the importance of the conflict. 30 bce: octavian invades egypt anthony commits suicide and cleopatra follows suit in a tragic sequence of events (see cleopatra ) cleopatra's son by julius caesar is sent into hiding on the red sea coast of egypt but octavian's track him down and kill him.